Research shows that explicit vocabulary instruction and a variety of repeated opportunities to use words leads to a deeper understanding of their meanings—and plays a significant role in student achievement. The engaging games, activities, and manipulatives in this resource provide a hands-on way for students to explore how words are formed, examine word origins, meanings, and uses, and learn strategies for recalling and strengthening vocabulary. Topics include prefixes, suffixes, and root words, multiple meaning words, analogies, content area words, and much more.
To help students really think about words and their meanings, games such as Definition Dive (page 11) and Word Wiz (page 15) ask students to give examples and non-examples of a targeted word. For instance, for the word energetic, students might offer examples such as active, very lively, hardworking, or on the go. Non-examples might include lazy, drowsy, or without enthusiasm. Other games, such as Pharoah’s Prefix Pyramid (page 20) or Go Greek! (page 62), ask students to give examples of how a word is used or to use it in a sentence. For the word thermometer, for example, a student might respond that a thermometer tells the temperature. Or, the student might use the word in a sentence, such as “When we checked the thermometer this morning, it was already 75 degrees!”